A Cycling & bikes forum. CycleBanter.com

Go Back   Home » CycleBanter.com forum » rec.bicycles » Social Issues
Site Map Home Register Authors List Search Today's Posts Mark Forums Read Web Partners

Reports from Sweden



 
 
Thread Tools Display Modes
  #11  
Old October 12th 03, 03:52 PM
Mitch Haley
external usenet poster
 
Posts: n/a
Default Reports from Sweden

Garry Jones wrote:

Well, I know of no case where this has come up. On a similar note, I
believe some countries have exemptions from the seat belt law if the car
was made before a cetain date.


I'm pretty sure my state's seat belt law (Michigan, USA) exempts vehicles
which were not required to have belts when new (roughly 40 years old IIRC).

Mitch.
Ads
  #12  
Old October 13th 03, 12:49 AM
Garry Jones
external usenet poster
 
Posts: n/a
Default Reports from Sweden

Thanks for the feedback Dorre.

I need some more info to meet claims being made in swnet.sport.cykel

Some of the helmet links I have quoted were reruns from old postings and
turned out to be dead links.

I am missing the information that used to be behind these links

http://members.iinet.net.au/~propert...e_helmets.html

Helmet FAQ
http://www.globalx.net/ocbc/hfaq.html

Can you post an updated useful link list with helmet stats. Include the
new links to the above two sites if they are still up.

I have been challenged on several points in particular

1)
"In New Zealand, helmet legislation has led to a 19% reduction in head
injuries among bicyclist of all age groups in its first 3 years."
http://bmj.bmjjournals.com/cgi/elett...97/1505/a#9629

2)
"Nine years on, however, cycling is more popular in Victoria than it was
before 1990."
http://bmj.bmjjournals.com/cgi/elett...97/1505/a#3416

3)
Stats from Victoria are said to show that the ammount of hours cycled
increased constantly between 1988 and 1992. The number of adults cycling
is said to be the same two years after the law. It is claimed that the
reduction in cycling is mainly in youths and that this is due to a drop
in age requirement for driving licenses.

My own question here is that I wonder if there is any connection in
injuries to cyclists and age requirement for driving licences. Are
younger drivers more likely to hit cyclists?

Any feedback or clarification on points 1-3?

Anyone else with any input? Links? Thanks

Garry Jones
English Cyclist ResIDING in Sweden.
  #13  
Old October 13th 03, 01:32 AM
Mitch Haley
external usenet poster
 
Posts: n/a
Default Reports from Sweden

Garry Jones wrote:

Helmet FAQ
http://www.globalx.net/ocbc/hfaq.html


I believe that's an old link to Avery's FAQ:
http://www.magma.ca/~ocbc/hfaq.html
  #14  
Old October 13th 03, 04:41 PM
Garry Jones
external usenet poster
 
Posts: n/a
Default Reports from Sweden

Dorre wrote:

The 45% fall in cyclist fatalities in Victoria, Australia, is probably true.


The Swedish report quotes several of your reports in its source list.

Dorre, it is ironic that some of your findings in this Swedish packaging
are being used to argue for a mandatory helmet law. It's not what they
say, it what's they leave out that is important here. Remember the
report concluded that

"Several studies show that helmet laws reduce head injuries among
bicyclists. In Australia, for instance, number of fatalities among
cyclists decreased by 45 % in average two years after their helmet laws
compared to two years before. The effect of cycle helmet laws on cycling
is much debated, but results from studies are not unambiguous. Several
studies, however, indicates that a cycle helmet law may result in a
reduction in cycling by young people and in a certain, but temporary,
reduction in cycling by younger children. On the other hand, cycling by
adults is probably not influenced."

Their research behind this is prolific. The research list names 229
sources. When politicians and helmet campaigners want the result of the
study they just read the conclusion. But in arriving at these most two
important points of this conclusion the authours have.. A)..not
mentioned the statistics you have that prove the 45% was out of
proportion to what one would have expected due to other factors. B)
Claimed that cycling by adults is probably not influenced even though
the statistics point to the contary.

So where do we go from here? Would you be able to engage in an email
dialogue with the authors about their findings?

Dorre, here is the resource list they used. You will find yourself here
as well as many of the other reports that have circulated these last ten
years.

*****************
Research Source List
*****************

Abularrage, JJ, DeLuca, AJ & Abularrage, CJ: Effect of education and
legislation on bicycle helmet use in a multiracial population. Arch
Pediatr Adolesc Med. Vol. 151. No 1. pp. 41-44. 1997.

Adams, J & Hillman, M: The risk compensation theory and bicycle helmets.
Inj. Prev. Vol. 7. No 4. p. 343. 2001.

Ainsworth, RA: Report on compulsory helmet wearing for bicyclists, and
other bicycling issues. Report Select Committee on Road Safety. Perth.
1994.

Ajzen, I: The theory of planned behavior. Organizational behaviour and
human decision processes. Vol. 50. pp. 179-211. 1991.

Attewell, RG, Glase, K & McFadden, M: Bicycle helmet efficacy: a
metaanalysis. Accid. Anal. & Prev. No 33. pp. 345-352. 2001.

Bayliss, J: Do bicycle helmets protect, and should they be mandatory?
(Letter comment). Jama. Vol. 277. No 11. p. 883. 1997.

Behrensdorff, I: Born of voksnes brug af cykelhjelm - taelling sommeren
1993. Arbejdsnotat Rådet for Trafiksikkerhedsforskning. Gentofte. 1993.

Berchem, SP: A community campaign that increased helmet use among
bicyclists: Summary report. Department of Transportation, City of
Madison, Wisconsin. Traffic Engineering Devision. City of Madison, WI,
1987, 25 s. 1987.

Berg, P & Westerling, R: Allför få skolungdomar bär hjälm när de cyklar.
Litteraturöversikt och enkätundersökning, underlag för påverkan till
ökat bruk. Läkartidningen. Vol. 96. No 19. pp. 2383-2386. 1999.

Berglund, A: Utvärdering av cykelhjälmsprojektet åren 1989-1991.
Jämtlands läns landsting. Planeringsenheten. Samhällsmedicinska gruppen.
Östersund. 1992.

Bergman, AB, Rivara, FP, Richards, DD & Rogers, LW: The Seattle
children's bicycle helmet campaign. Am J Dis Child. Vol. 144. No 6. pp.
727-731. 1990.

BHSI: Helmet laws for bicycle riders. Internet Bicycle Helmet Safety
Institute,

BHSI. http://www.bhsi.org/mandator.htm. 2002a.

BHSI: Mandatory helmet laws - Our list of helmet laws. Internet Bicycle
Helmet Safety Institute, BHSI. http://www.bhsi.org/bike_law.htm. 2002b.
Björnstig, U & Andersson, P: Cykelhjälmskampanj riktad till tonåringar
och vuxna: Attityder och resultat. 43. Norrlands Universitetssjukhus.
Olycksanalysgruppen. Umeå. 1993.

Björnstig, U & Andersson, P: Hjälmlag effektivt sätt minska skador?
Tonåringars och vuxnas attityder analyserade. Läkartidningen. Vol. 92.
No 7. pp. 662-665. 1995.

Björnstig, U & Näslund, K: Pedal Cycling Accidents - Mechanisms and
Consequences. A study from Northern Sweden. Acta Chir Scand. No 150. pp.
353-359. 1984.

Björnstig, U, Öström, M, Eriksson, A & Sonntag-Öström, E: Head and face
injuries in bicyclists --with special reference to possible effects of
helmet use. J Trauma. Vol. 33. No 6. pp. 887-893. 1992.

BMA: Cycling Towards Health & Safety. The British Medical Association.
Oxford. 1992.

BMA: Cycle helmets. The British Medical Association. The Chameleon
Press. London. 1999.

BMJ: Electronic responses to: NEWS EXTRA: Guidelines could reduce
children's head injuries from cycling Anna Ellis BMJ 2002; 324: 1240b.
Internet British Medical Journal.
http//bmj.com/cgi/eletters/324/7348/1240/b. 2002.

Borglund, ST, Hayes, JS & Eckes, JM: Florida's bicycle helmet law and a
bicycle safety educational program: did they help? J Emerg Nurs. Vol.
25. No 6. pp. 496-500. 1999.

Britt, J, Silver, I & Rivara, FP: Bicycle helmet promotion among low
income preschool children. Inj Prev. Vol. 4. No 4. pp. 280-283. 1998.

Cameron, M, Finch, C & Vulcan, P: The protective performance of bicycle
helmets introduced at the same time as the bicycle helmet wearing law in
Victoria. General 1991-94. Monash University Accident Research Centre.

Clayton, Victoria. 1994a.

Cameron, M, Newstead, S & Vulcan, P: Analysis of Reductions in Victorian
Road Casualties, 1989 to 1992. 17th ARRB Conference, Gold Coast,
Queensland, 14-19 August 1994; Proceedings. Australian Road Research
Bord Ltd, Vermont South. Gold Coast, Queensland. 1994b.

Cameron, MH, Heiman, L & Neiger, D: Evaluation of the Bicycle Helmet
Wearing Law in Victoria During it's First 12 Months. General Report 32.
Monash University Accident Research Centre. Clayton, Victoria. 1992.

Cameron, MH, Vulcan, AP, Finch, CF & Newstead, SV: Mandatory bicycle
helmet use following a decade of helmet promotion in Victoria, Australia
- An evaluation. Accident Analysis & Prevention. Vol. 26. No 3. pp.
325-337. 1994c.

Carnall, D: Cycle helmets should not be compulsory. (News). BMJ. Vol
318. No 5 June. p, 1505. 1999.

Carr, D, Skalova, M & Cameron, MH: Evaluation of the Bicycle Helmet
Wearing Law in Victoria During Its First Four Years. Report 76. Monash
University Accident Research Centre. Clayton, Victoria. 1995.

Cave, T & Wood, T: A Strategy for the Introduction of mandatory bicycle
helmet use in Victoria. Report RTA Road Traffic Authority. Hawthorn,
Victoria. 1987.

Christensen, L: Marketing bicycle helmets by campaigns in cooperation
between national and local authorities in Denmark. Proceedings of the
VIth world congress of the International Road Safety Organisation:
Marketing traffic safety, 3-6 october, 1994, Cape Town, Republic of
South Africa. Bertrange, Luxembourg. 1996.

Coffman, S: Promotion of safety helmets for child bicyclists: 2002
update. Online J Knowl Synth Nurs. Vol. 9. p. 1. 2002.

Coffman, S: Bicycle Injuries and Safety Helmets in Children. Review of
Research. Orthopaedic Nursing. Vol. 22. No 1. pp. 9-15. 2003.

Coffman, S & Kuniansky, N: Strategies to implement helmet legislation
for child bicyclists. J Emerg Nurs. Vol. 23. No 5. pp. 420-424. 1997.

Cote, TR, Sacks, JJ, Lambert-Huber, DA, Dannenberg, AL, Kresnow, MJ,
Lipsitz, CM & Schmidt, ER: Bicycle helmet use among Maryland children:
effect of legislation and education. Pediatrics. Vol. 89. No 6 Pt 2. pp.
1216- 1220. 1992.

Cox, J: Bike helmet legislation. A lesson in patience and persistence.
Nursing BC. Vol. 27. No 4. pp. 32-33. 1995.

Curnow, W: The efficacy of bicycle helmets against brain injury.
Accident Analysis and Prevention. No 35. pp. 287-292. 2003.

Cushman, R, Down, J, MacMillan, N & Waclawik, H: Helmet promotion in the
emergency room following a bicycle injury: a randomized trial.
Pediatrics. Vol. 88. No 1. pp. 43-47. 1991a.

Cushman, R, James, W & Waclawik, H: Physicians promoting bicycle helmets
for children: a randomized trial. Am J Public Health. Vol. 81. No 8. pp.
1044-1046. 1991b.

Danielsson, K: Öka säkerheten. Kartläggning av olycksmönster i Sverige.
Rapport 1986/87:11. Konsumentverket. Vällingby. 1987.

Dannenberg, AL, Gielen, AC, Beilenson, PL, Wilson, MH & Joffe, A:
Bicycle helmet laws and educational campaigns: an evaluation of
strategies to increase children's helmet use. Am J Public Health. Vol.
83. No 5. pp. 667- 674. 1993.

Davis, A: Increasing the number of cyclists is more important. BMJ. Vol.
314. No 4 january. p. 69. 1997.

Davis, R: Death on the Streets. Cars and the mythology of road safety.
Leading Edge Press and Publishing Ltd. North Yorkshire. 1992/93.

DETR: Tomorrow's roads: safer for everyone. The Government's road safety
strategy and casualty reduction targets for 2010. Department of the
Environment, Transport and the Regions. London. 2000. DiGuiseppi, C &
Roberts, IG: Individual-level injury prevention strategies in the
clinical setting. Future Child. Vol. 10. No 1. pp. 53-82. 2000.
DiGuiseppi, CG, Rivara, FP & Koepsell, TD: Attitudes toward bicycle
helmet ownership and use by school-age children. American journal of
diseases of children. Vol. 144. No 1. pp. 83-86. 1990.

DiGuiseppi, CG, Rivara, FP, Koepsell, TD & Polissar, L: Bicycle helmet
use by children. Evaluation of a community-wide helmet campaign Jama.
Vol. 262. No 16. pp. 2256-2261. 1989.

Dorsch, MM, Woodward, AJ & Somers, RL: Do bicycle safety helmets reduce
severity of head injury in real crashes? Accid Anal Prev. Vol. 19. No 3.
pp. 183-190. 1987.

Dowswell, T, Towner, EM, Simpson, G & Jarvis, SN: Preventing childhood
unintentional injuries--what works? A literature review. Inj Prev. Vol.
2. No 2. pp. 140-149. 1996.

ECT: Improving Bicycle Safety without making helmet-use compulsory.
Official position of the European Cyclists' Federation. European
Cyclists' Federation. Brussels, Belgium. 1998.

Ekman, R: Personlig kommunikation. Räddningsverket. 2003.

Ekman, R, Schelp, L, Welander, G & Svanström, L: Can a combination of
local, regional and national information substantially increase
bicycle-helmet wearing and reduce injuries? Experiences from Sweden.
Accid Anal Prev. Vol. 29. No 3. pp. 321-328. 1997.

Ekman, R & Welander, G: The results of 10 years' experience with the
Skaraborg bicycle helmet program in Sweden. International Journal for
Consumer & Product Safety. Vol. 5. No 1. pp. 23-39. 1998.

Elliott, BJ & Associates: Bicycle helmet research. Report B J Elliott &
Associates. Melbourne. 1983.

Elliott & Shanahan Research: An exploratory study of high school
students' reaction to bicycle helmets. Report GR/86/10. Elliot &
Shanahan Research. Sydney. 1986.

Ellis, A: Guidelines could reduce children's head injuries from cycling.
Internet British Medical Journal.
http//bmj.com/cgi/content/full/324/7348/1240/b. 2002.

Encarta: Encarta, uppslagsverk 2001. Micro Soft Works Suite. 2002.

Englund, A, Gregersen, NP, Hydén, C, Lövsund, P & Åberg, L:
Trafiksäkerhet. En kunskapsöversikt. Studentlitteratur. Lund. 1998.

Evans, L: Traffic safety and the driver. Van Nostrand Reinhold. New
York. 1991.

Evans, L: Cycle helmets and the law. Bmj. Vol. 308. No 6943. pp.
1521-1522. 1994.

Farley, C, Haddad, S & Brown, B: The effects of a 4-year program
promoting bicycle helmet use among children in Quebec. Am J Public
Health. Vol. 86. No 1. pp. 46-51. 1996.

Farley, C, Otis, J & Benoit, M: Evaluation of a four-year bicycle helmet
promotion campaign in Quebec aimed at children ages 8 to 12: impact on
attitudes, norms and behaviours. Can J Public Health. Vol. 88. No 1. pp.
62- 66. 1997.

Finch, CF: Teenagers' attitudes towards bicycle helmets three years
after the introduction of mandatory wearing. Inj Prev. Vol. 2. No 2. pp.
126-130. 1996.

Finch, CF, Heiman, L & Neiger, D: Bicycle use and helmet wearing rates
in Melbourne, 1987 to 1992: the influence of the helmet wearing law.
General Report 45. Monash University Accident Research Centre. Clayton,
Victoria. 1993a.

Finch, CF, Newstead, SV, Cameron, MH & Vulcan, AP: Head Injury
Reductions in Victoria Two Years After Introduction of Mandatory Bicycle
Helmet Use. General Report 51. Monash University Accident Research
Centre. Clayton, Victoria. 1993b.

Floerchinger-Franks, G, Machala, M, Goodale, K & Gerberding, S:
Evaluation of a pilot program in rural schools to increase bicycle and
motor vehicle safety. J Community Health. Vol. 25. No 2. pp. 113-124.
2000.

Folkhälsoinstitutet: Det är en glädje att cykla. Hjälmen är bra för alla
- Fakta för äldre cyklister. Informationsbroschyr. Folkhälsoinstitutet -
Skadeprogrammet. WHO - Sekretariatet - Svenska Hjälminitiativet.
Stockholm. 1994.

Folkhälsoinstitutet: 2:a nationella cykelhjälmskonferensen 27-28
november 1997, Lundsbrunns konferens & kurort, Götene. Cykelhjälmen ett
vaccin mot huvudskador. Minskar lidande och sänker kostnader. Vaccinera!
Konferensrapport. 1998:25. Folkhälsoinstitutet. Stockholm. 1998.

Foss, RD & Beirness, DJ: Bicycle Helmet Use in British Columbia: Effects
of the Helmet Use Law. University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill,
Highway Safety Research Center, Chapel Hill, NC, USA. 2000.

Frank, C: NTF Skånes opinionsbildare för en ökad cykelhjälmsanvändning.
Rapport Cykelhjälm 1:94. NTF-Skåne. Malmö. 1994.

Fredlund, P: Personskador i trafiken. Blekinge 1988-1995. Rapport
Trafikskaderegistret Blekingesjukhuset, Landstinget Blekinge.
Karlskrona. 1996.

Friberg, I: På uppdrag av Vägverket: Utvärdering av kampanjen
"Cykelveckan". Rapport Pnr:664. IFS Ingrid Friberg Samhällsinformation
AB. Stockholm. 1997.

Gilchrist, J, Schieber, RA, Leadbetter, S & Davidson, SC: Police
enforcement as part of a comprehensive bicycle helmet program.
Pediatrics. Vol. 106. No 1 Pt 1. pp. 6-9. 2000.

Godefrooij, T: Debate is counterproductive. BMJ. Vol. 322. No 28 April.
p. 69. 2001.

Graitcer, PL, Kellermann, AL & Christoffel, T: A review of educational
and legislative strategies to promote bicycle helmets. Inj Prev. Vol. 1.
No 2. pp. 122-129. 1995.

Haglund, BJA & Svanström, LO: Evidensbaserad skadeprevention. Om
effekter och effektivitet i skadeförebyggande och säkerhetsfrämjande
arbetet. 1999:22. Karolinska Institutet. Institutionen för
folkhälsovetenskap. Avdelningen för socialmedicin. Folkhälsoinstitutet.
Nationella skadeprogrammet. Stockholm. 1999.

Hallion, J: Bicycle helmet safety inquiry: Submission to the House of
Representatives Standing Committee on Transport Safety. Occasional Paper
1/85. South Australian Department of Transport. Division of Road Safety.
Adelaide. 1985.

Healy, M & Maisey, G: The impact of helmet wearing legislation and
promotion on bicyclists in Western Australia. Report TB92-6. Western
Australia Police Department. Research and Statistics Unit. Perth. 1992.

Heathcote, B & Maisey, G: Bicycle use and attitudes to the helmet
wearing law. Report TB94-1 Traffic Board of Western Australia. Perth.
1994.

Hedin, A & Källestål, C: Kunskapsbaserat folkhälsoarbete. Del 1. Handbok
för sammanställningar av redan gjorda kunskapsöversikter om
interventioner inom folkhälsoområdet. Rapport 2002:22. Statens
Folkhälsoinstitut. Stockholm. 2002.

Hedlund, J: Risky business: safety regulations, risk compensation, and
individual behavior. Injury Prevention. Vol. 2000. No 6. pp. 82-90.
2000.

Henderson, M: The Effectiveness of Bicycle Helmets - A Review. Report
MAARE-010995. Motor Accidents Authority. Sidney, NSW. 1995.

Henderson, M: Helmet Initiatives in Australia: A world model. Paper
presented at the International Conference on Bicycle Helmet Initiatives,
February, 17, 1996, Melbourne, Australia 1996.

Hendrickson, SG & Becker, H: Reducing one source of pediatric head
injuries. Pediatr Nurs. Vol. 26. No 2. pp. 159-162. 2000.

Hillman, M: Cycle Helmets. The Case for and Against. Psi Report 752.
1993. 32p. 1993.

Hillman, M: Health benefits of cycling greatly outweigh loss of life
years from deaths. BMJ. Vol. 314. No 4 january. p. 70. 1997.

Jacobson, B: Personlig kommunikation. Borås kommun. 2002.

Jaffe, B & Tamir, D: Bicycle helmets in Israel: observed change in usage
following a nationwide campaign. Isr J Med Sci. Vol. 32. No 2. pp.
135-137. 1996.

Johnston, BD, Rivara, FP, Droesch, RM, Dunn, C & Copass, MK: Behavior
change counseling in the emergency department to reduce injury risk: a
randomized, controlled trial. Pediatrics. Vol. 110. No 2 Pt 1. pp.
267-274. 2002.

Kanny, D, Schieber, RA, Pryor, V & Kresnow, MJ: Effectiveness of a state
law mandating use of bicycle helmets among children: an observational
evaluation. Am J Epidemiol. Vol. 1;154. No 11. pp. 1072-1076. 2001.

Kedjidjian, CB: Bicycle Helmets Save Lives. Traffic Safety. 1994/05.
94(3) pp.16-19 National Safety Council. 1121 Spring Lake Drive. 1994.

Kim, AN, Rivara, FP & Koepsell, TD: Does sharing the cost of a bicycle
helmet help promote helmet use? Inj Prev. Vol. 3. No 1. pp. 38-42. 1997.

King, M & Fraine, G: Bicycle helmet legislation and enforcement in
Queensland 1991 to 1993: Effects on helmet wearing and crashes. 1994
Australian pedestrian and bicyclist safety and travel workshop,
Melbourne, Australia. Proceedings. ARRB Transport Research Vermont
South. Melbourne. 1994.

Klassen, TP, MacKay, JM, Moher, D, Walker, A & Jones, AL: Communitybased
injury prevention interventions. Future Child. Vol. 10. No 1. pp. 83-
110. 2000.

Kommunikationsdepartementet: På väg mot det trafiksäkra samhället. Ds
1997:13 Regeringskansliet. Kommunikationsdepartementet. Stockholm. 1997.
Krag, T: Cycle Helmets. To the participants in the "Helmets For All"
Conference 26-28 April, 1993, Stockholm. European Cyclists Federation.
ECF policy office. Dansk Cyklist Forbund. Copenhagen. 1993.

Laflamme, L, Engström, K & Hasselberg, M: Sociala skillnader i
skaderisker. En rapport om den socioekonomiska fördelningen av skador
bland barn och ungdomar i Sverige. Statens Offentliga Utredningar SOU
2002:68. Barnsäkerhetsdelegationen. Stockholm. 2002.


Larsson, J: Bearbetning av patientstatistik för 1988-1998 avseende
trafikskadade. Lägesrapport för år 2000. VTI Notat 78-2000. Statens väg-
och transportforskningsinstitut. Linköping. 2000.

Larsson, J: Bearbetning av patientstatistik för 1988-1999 avseende
trafikskadade. VTI Notat 75-2001. Statens väg- och
transportforskningsinstitut. Linköping. 2001.

Leblanc, JC, Beattie, TL & Culligan, C: Effect of legislation on the use
of bicycle helmets. Cmaj. Vol. 166. No 5. pp. 592-595. 2002.

Lee, AJ, Mann, NP & Takriti, R: A hospital led promotion campaign aimed
to increase bicycle helmet wearing among children aged 11-15 living in
West Berkshire 1992-98. Inj Prev. Vol. 6. No 2. pp. 151-153. 2000.

Leicester, P, Nassau, F & Wise, A: The Introduction of Compulsory
Bicycle Helmet Wearing in Victoria. General Report GR/91-4. Vicroads
road Safety Division. Hawthorn. 1991.

Liikenneturva: Monitoring of Traffic Behaviour in Finland year 2000.
Internet

Liikenneturva. The Central Organization for Traffic Safety in Finland.
http://www.liikenneturva.fi/suomi/tu...rantal2000.pdf. 2002.

Liller, KD, Smorynski, A, McDermott, RJ, Crane, NB & Weibley, The
MORE HEALTH bicycle safety project. J Sch Health. Vol. 65. No 3. pp.
87-90. 1995.

Ljungblom, B-Å: Försöksverksamhet med att öka innehav och
användningsfrekvens av cykelhjälmar hos barn och ungdomar i Ronneby
kommun. Undersökning av hur barn och ungdomar samt deras föräldrar i
Ronneby kommun i vissa avseenden upplever motortrafiken. Rapport
Blekinge läns landsting. Karlskrona. 1989.

Logan, P, Leadbetter, S, Gibson, RE, Schieber, R, Branche, C, Bender, P,
Zane, D, Humphreys, J & Anderson, S: Evaluation of a bicycle helmet
giveaway program--Texas, 1995. Pediatrics. Vol. 101. No 4 Pt 1. pp. 578-
582. 1998.

LTSA: Cycle helmets. Internet Land Transport Safety Authority, LTSA.
http://www.ltsa.govt.nz/research/helmets.html. 2002a.

LTSA: Fact Sheet. Cycle safety features and safety rules. Internet Land
Transport Safety Authority, LTSA.
http://www.ltsa.govt.nz/factsheets/01.html. 2002b.

MacKay, M, Klassen, T & Cushman, R: Trends in bicycle helmet use in
Ottawa-Carleton, 1988-1997. Impact of bicycle helmet legislation?
Plan-it Safe. Child & Youth Injury Prevention Center. Childrens Hospital
of Eastern Ontario. Ottawa, Ontario. 1998.

Macknin, ML & Medendorp, SV: Association between bicycle helmet
legislation, bicycle safety education, and use of bicycle helmets in
children. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. Vol. 148. No 3. pp. 255-259. 1994.

Macpherson, AK & Macarthur, C: Bicycle Helmet Legislation: Evidence for
Effectiveness. Pediatr Res. Vol. 52. No 4. p. 472. 2002.

Macpherson, AK, Parkin, PC & To, TM: Mandatory helmet legislation and
children's exposure to cycling. Inj Prev. Vol. 7. No 3. pp. 228-230.
2001.

Macpherson, AK, To, TM, Macarthur, C, Chipman, ML, Wrigth, JG & Parkin,
PC: Impact of Mandatory Helmet Legislation on Bicycle-Related Head
Injuries in Children: A Population-Based Study. Pediatrics. Vol. 110. No
5. pp. 1-5. 2002.

Mallard, C: Personlig kommunikation. Fax 1997-05-26. NTF-Skåne. 1997.

Marshall, J & White, M: Evaluation of the Compulsory Helmet Wearing
Legislation for Bicyclists in south Australia. Report 8/94. South
Australian Department of Transport, Office of Road Safety. Walkerville.
1994.

McDermott, FT: Bicyclist head injury prevention by helmets and mandatory
wearing legislation in Victoria, Australia. Ann R Coll Surg Engl. Vol.
77. No 1. pp. 38-44. 1995.

Ministry of Transportation & Highways: On sept. 3, what you need to know
about B.C´s new helmet law. News Release August 29, 1996. 1996.

Mock, CN, Maier, RV, Boyle, E, Pilcher, S & Rivara, FP: Injury
prevention strategies to promote helmet use decrease severe head
injuries at a level I trauma center. J Trauma. Vol. 39. No 1. pp. 29-33;
discussion 34-25. 1995.

Moore, DW & Adair, V: Effects of a school-based education programme on
safety helmet usage by 11 to 13-year-old cyclists. Educational
Psychology. Vol. 10. No 1. pp. 73-78. 1990.

Morgan, M, Peberdy, J & Rogerson, P: Bicycle Helmet Usage Rates in
Victoria 1990-1991 and Other Bicycle Safety Factors. Report GR 91-9. Vic
Roads. Road Safety Division. Hawthorn, Victoria. 1991.

Morris, BA & Trimble, NE: Promotion of bicycle helmet use among
schoolchildren: a randomized clinical trial. Can J Public Health. Vol.
82. No 2. pp. 92-94. 1991.

Morris, BA, Trimble, NE & Fendley, SJ: Increasing bicycle helmet use in
the community. Measuring response to a wide-scale, 2-year effort. Can
Fam Physician. Vol. 40. pp. 1126-1131. 1994.

Newstead, SV, Cameron, MH, Gantzer, S & Finch, CF: Bicyclist Head
Injuries in Victoria Three Years after the Introduction of Mandatory
Helmet Use. Report 75. Monash University, Accident Research Centre.
Clayton, Victoria. 1994.

NHTSA: State Legislative Fact Sheet. Bicycle Helmet Use Laws. National
Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Department of Transportation.
Washington. 2002.

Ni, H, Sacks, JJ, Curtis, L, Cieslak, PR & Hedberg, K: Evaluation of a
statewide bicycle helmet law via multiple measures of helmet use. Arch
Pediatr Adolesc Med. Vol. 151. No 1. pp. 59-65. 1997.

NISU: Bicycle Helmets. Injury Issues Monitor, National Injury
Surveillance Unit. No 1. pp. 1-8. 1992.

Nolén, S: "Helmet Contract" - A method of increasing bicycle helmet
usage among those cycling to and from work. Book of Abstracts of papers
presented at "Third International Conference on Injury Prevention and
Control in Melbourne" 18-22 February, 1996. NISU. Australian Institute
of Health and Welfare. Bedford Park, South Australia. 1996.

Nolén, S: Trafiksäkerhetspotential av ökad cykelhjälmsanvändning i
Sverige. VTI notat 34-1998. Statens väg- och
transportforskningsinstitut. Linköping. 1998.

Nolén, S: Lägesrapport för projekt "Metoder för ökad hjälmanvändning hos
vuxna som cyklar till arbetet". Statens väg- och
transportforskningsinstitut. Brev daterat 1999-12-15. Linköping. 1999a.

Nolén, S: Vad tycker cyklister om hjälmanvändning? En litteraturstudie.
VTI rapport 429. Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut.
Linköping. 1999b.

Nolén, S: Cykelhjälmsanvändning i Blekinge under fem år med Säkereken.
Resultat från observationsmätningar 1996-2000. VTI notat 31-2001.
Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut. Linköping. 2001.

Nolén, S: Cykelhjälmsanvändning i Sverige 1988-2001. Resultat från VTI:s
observationsstudie 2001. VTI notat 16-2002. Statens väg- och
transportforskningsinstitut. Linköping. 2002.

Nolén, S: Cykelhjälmsanvändning i Sverige 1988-2002. Resultat från VTI:s
observationsstudie 2002. Manus till VTI notat. Statens väg- och
transportforskningsinstitut. Linköping. 2003.

Nolén, S & Lindqvist, K: Lokal "Cykelhjälmslag" i Motala. En
processtudie. VTI rapport 459 Statens väg- och
transportforskningsinstitut. Linköping. 2001.

Nolén, S & Lindqvist, K: A local bicycle helmet "law" in a Swedish
municipality - the structure and process of initiation and
implementation. Injury Control and Safety Promotion. Vol. 9. No 2. pp.
89-98. 2002.

Nolén, S & Lindqvist, K: A local bicycle helmet "law" in a Swedish
municipality - The effects on helmet use. Injury Control and Safety
Promotion. In press. 2003.

NRSP: Road Safety Update. Fall in cycle helmet wearing rates. National
Road Safety Plan. Christchurch. 1993.

NTF: För säkrare cykling. Cykelsäkerhetsrådets handlingsprogram 1988-89.
NTF. Stockholm. 1988.

NTF: IDÉ BOKEN. Cykelhjälm -93. NTF i samarbete med landets
Trafiksäkerhetsförbund/ föreningar. NTF. Landskrona. 1993.

NTF: HuvudNyheterna. En tidning om cykelhjälm för lärare på låg- och
mellanstadiet. NTF. Stockholm. 1995.

OECD: Behavioural adaptations to changes in the road transport system.
Road Transport Research Organisation for Economic Co-operation and
Development. Paris. 1990.

Parkin, PC, Hu, X, Spence, LJ, Kranz, KE, Shortt, LG & Wesson, DE:
Evaluation of a subsidy program to increase bicycle helmet use by
children of low-income families. Pediatrics. Vol. 96. No 2. pp. 283-287.
1995.

Parkin, PC, Spence, LJ, Hu, X, Kranz, KE, Shortt, LG & Wesson, DE:
Evaluation of a promotional strategy to increase bicycle helmet use by
children. Pediatrics. Vol. 91. No 4. pp. 772-777. 1993.

Pendergrast, RA, Ashworth, CS, DuRant, RH & Litaker, M: Correlates of
children's bicycle helmet use and short-term failure of school-level
interventions. Pediatrics. Vol. 90. No 3. pp. 354-358. 1992.

Pietro, PD & Maisey, G: The effect on wearing rates of a cyclist helmet
scheme for school-aged children. Research Report 88/5. Western Australia
Police Department. Research and Statistics Unit. Perth. 1988.

Pless, IB: Venting spleen: helmet legislation. Inj Prev. Vol. 6. No 1.
p. 3. 2000.

Povey, LJ, Frith, WJ & Graham, PG: Cycle helmet effectiveness in New
Zealand. Accident Analysis & Prevention. Vol. 31. No 6. pp. 763-770.
1999.

Prop. 1996/97:137: Regeringens proposition. Nollvisionen och det
trafiksäkra samhället. Regeringen. Stockholm. 1997.

Puder, DR, Visintainer, P, Spitzer, D & Casal, D: A comparison of the
effect of different bicycle helmet laws in 3 New York City suburbs. Am J
Public Health. Vol. 89. No 11. pp. 1736-1738. 1999.

Quine, L, Rutter, DR & Arnold, L: Persuading school-age cyclists to use
safety helmets: Effectiveness of an intervention based on the Theory of
Planned Behaviour. British Journal of Health Psychology, Vol. 6(4), 327
345, Nov. 2001.

Regeringens proposition: Nollvisionen och det trafiksäkra samhället.
Prop 1996/97:137 Riksdagstryck. Stockholm. 1997.

Ressler, WH & Toledo, E: Kasdah B'Rosh Tov: a description and evaluation
of the Israeli bicycle helmet campaign. Health Educ Behav. Vol. 25. No
3. pp. 354-370. 1998.

Rivara, FP, Thompson, DC, Patterson, MQ & Thompson, RS: Prevention of
bicycle-related injuries: helmets, education, and legislation. Annu Rev
Public Health. Vol. 19. pp. 293-318. 1998.

Rivara, FP, Thompson, DC, Thompson, RS, Rogers, LW, Alexander, B, Felix,
D & Bergman, AB: The Seattle Children's Bicycle Helmet Campaign: Changes
in Helmet Use and Head Injury Admissions. Pediatrics. Vol. 93. No 4. pp.
567-569. 1994.

Robinson, D & Acton, C: Helmet laws and health. Inj Prev. Vol. 4. No 3.
pp. 170-172. 1998.

Robinson, DL: Head injuries and bicycle helmet laws. Accid Anal Prev.
Vol. 28. No 4. pp. 463-475. 1996.

Robinson, DL: Changes in head injury with the New Zealand bicycle helmet
law. Accid Anal Prev. Vol. 33. No 5. pp. 687-691. 2001.

Rodgers, GB: Bicycle and Bicycle Helmet Use Patterns in the United
States in 1998. Journal of Safety Research. Vol. 31. No 3. pp. 149-158.
2000.

Rodgers, GB: Effects of state helmet laws on bicycle helmet use by
children and adolescents. Inj Prev. Vol. 8. No 1. pp. 42-46. 2002.

Rosenberg, ML & Sleet, DA: Injury Control Recommendations for Bicycle
Helmets. Journal of School Health. Vol. 65. No 4. pp. 133-139. 1995.

Rourke, LL: Bicycle helmet use among schoolchildren. Impact of a
community education program and a cycling fatality. Can Fam Physician.
Vol. 40. pp. 1116-1124. 1994.

Rouzier, P & Alto, WA: Evolution of a successful community bicycle
helmet campaign. J Am Board Fam Pract. Vol. 8. No 4. pp. 283-287. 1995.

Royles, M: International literature review of cycle helmets. Project
Report 76. Transport Research Laboratory. Crowthorne, Berkshire. 1994.

Ruch-Ross, HS & O'Connor, KG: Bicycle helmet counselling by
pediatricians: A random national survey. American Journal of Public
Health. Vol. 83. No 5. pp. 728-730. 1993.

Rungie, C & Trembath, R: Observational study of bicycle helmet wearing
among south Australian shoolchildren. Report 14/88 8/94. South
Australian Department of Transport, Road Safety Division. Adelaide.
1987.

Sacks, JJ, Holmgreen, P, Smith, SM & Sosin, DM: Bicycle-associated head
injuries and deaths in the United States from 1984 through 1988. How
many are preventable? Jama. Vol. 266. No 21. pp. 3016-3018. 1991.

Safe Kids: Safe Kids Canada supports bicycle helmet legislation.
Internet Safe Kids Canada.
http://www.safekidscanada.ca/ENGLISH...S/SafeKidsWeek
2002/BikeHelmetLegislation.html. 2002.

SCB: Konsumentprisindex (1980=100), fastställda tal, samt beräknade
årsmedeltal. Internet SCB.
http://www.scb.se/statistik/pr0101/pr0101tab1.asp. 2002.

Scheidt, PC, Wilson, MH & Stern, MS: Bicycle helmet law for children: a
case study of activism in injury control. Pediatrics. Vol. 89. No 6. pp.
1248-1250. 1992.

Schieber, RA, Gilchrist, J & Sleet, DA: Legislative and regulatory
strategies to reduce childhood unintentional injuries. Future Child.
Vol. 10. No 1. pp. 111-136. 2000.

Schieber, RA, Kresnow, MJ, Sacks, JJ, Pledger, EE, O'Neil, JM & Toomey,
KE: Effect of a state law on reported bicycle helmet ownership and use.
Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. Vol. 150. No 7. pp 707-712. 1996.

Scott, IKR: Report on Australian bicycle helmet requirements and
education programs by state and territory. Child Accident Prevention
Foundation of Australia. National Injury Surveillance Unit Melbourne,
1992, 34 s. 1992.

Scuffham, P: Helmet Mandatory in New Zealand. Headlines. Vol. 3 (Spring,
1994). No 2. p. 8. 1994.

Scuffham, P, Alsop, J, Cryer, C & Langley, JD: Head injuries to
bicyclists and the New Zealand bicycle helmet law. Accid Anal Prev. Vol.
32. No 4. pp. 565-573. 2000.

Scuffham, PA & Langley, JD: Trends in cycle injury in New Zealand under
voluntary helmet use. Accident Analysis & Prevention. Vol. 29. No 1. pp.
1-9. 1997.

Shafi, S, Gilbert, JC, Loghmanee, F, Allen, JE, Caty, MG, Glick, PL,
Carden, S & Azizkhan, RG: Impact of bicycle helmet safety legislation on
children admitted to a regional pediatric trauma center. J Pediatr Surg.
Vol. 33. No 2. pp. 317-321. 1998.

SIKA/SCB: Vägtrafikskador 2000. Sveriges officiella statistik Statens
Institut för KommunikationsAnalys. Statistiska Centralbyrån. Stockholm.
2001.

SIKA/SCB: Vägtrafikskador 2001. Sveriges officiella statistik Statens
Institut för KommunikationsAnalys. Statistiska Centralbyrån. Stockholm.
2002.

Smith, NC & Milthorpe, FW: An observational survey of law compliance and
helmet wearing by bicyclists in New South Wales - 1993. Report Roads and
Traffic Authority. Network Efficiency Branch. Sydney. 1993.

Smith, PK: Increasing Bicycle Helmet Use in Michigan: A School-Based
Intervention Pilot Program. Evaluation Report. Report. Michigan Bicycle
Helmet Advisory Committee. Michigan. 1991.

Social Development Committee: Inquiry into Child Pedestrian and Bicycle
Safety. First report. Parliament of Victoria. Melbourne. 1986.

Spolander, K: Bike helmets - A safety device for the nineties. Paper
presented at VELO CITY 89, Copenhagen August 21-23, 1989. NTF, The
National Society for Road Safety. Kista. 1989.

Staysafe 12: Bicycle Safety. Report New South Wales Parliament. Joint
Standing Committee on Road Safety. Sydney. 1988.

Stevens, MM, Olson, AL, Gaffney, CA, Tosteson, TD, Mott, LA & Starr, P:
A pediatric, practice-based, randomized trial of drinking and smoking
prevention and bicycle helmet, gun, and seatbelt safety promotion.
Pediatrics. Vol. 109. No 3. pp. 490-497. 2002.


Ståhlspets, Å: Cykelprojekt 1997. Tekniska kontoret, Gävle kommun.
Gävle. 1998.

Sullivan, G: Initial effects of mandatory bicycle helmet wearing
legislation. VIC Roads. Road Information Service IR 90-15 Hawthorn,
1990, 15 s. 1990.

Svanström, L, Welander, G, Ekman, R & Schelp, L: Development of a
Swedish bicycle helmet promotion programme--one decade of experiences.
Health Promot Internation. Vol. 17. No 2. pp. 161-169. 2002.

Svenska Hjälminitiativgruppen: Kampanj/skolmanual Hjälm-5:an för 11-
åringar, med exempel. En återkommande enkel rutin... ...hindrar och
lindrar huvudskador. Broschyr. Svenska Hjälminitiativgruppen -
WHOsekretariatet. Lidköping. 1999.

Svensson, HE: Trafikmätningar i Göteborg 2001. Rapport 3:2002. Göteborgs
stad, trafikkontoret, trafikplanering. Göteborg. 2002.

Svernfors, T: Cykelhjälmsprojektet vid Västra skolan i Falun. Hur man
med information lyckas bryta högstadieelevernas fördomar och förmå dem
använda cykelhjälm. PM Göteborg. 1993.

Tarvainen, A-L: Personlig kommunikation. E-mail 2002-12-06.
Kommunikationsministeriet, Finland. 2002.

The Cochrane Collaboration: Cochrane Reviewers' Handbook 4.1.6. Updated
January 2003. The Cochrane Collaboration.
http://www.cochrane.de/cochrane/hbook.htm. 2003.

Thompson, D, Rivara, F & Thompson, R: Helmets for preventing head and
facial injuries in bicyclists (Cochrane Review). The Cochrane Library.
No 1. pp. 1-27. 2003.

Thompson, DC, Rivara, FP & Thompson, RS: Effectiveness of bicycle safety
helmets in preventing head injuries. A case-control study. Jama. Vol.
276. No 24. pp. 1968-1973. 1996.

Thompson, DC, Thompson, RS & Rivara, FP: Risk compensation theory should
be subject to systematic reviews of the scientific evidence. Internet
Inj Prev 2002; 8: 1e. http://ip.bmjjournals.com/cgi/eletters/8/2/e1.
2002.

Thompson, DC, Thompson, RS, Rivara, FP, Adams, J & Hillman, M: Risk
compensation theory should be subject to systematic reviews of the
scientific evidence o The risk compensation theory and bicycle helmets.
Internet Inj Prev 2002; 8: 1e.
http://ip.bmjjournals.com/cgi/eletters/8/2/e1. 2002.

Thompson, NJ, Sleet, D & Sacks, JJ: Increasing the use of bicycle
helmets: lessons from behavioral science. Patient Educ Couns. Vol. 46.
No 3. pp. 191- 197. 2002.

Thompson, RS, Rivara, FP & Thompson, DC: A case-control study of the
effectiveness of bicycle safety helmets. N Engl J Med. Vol. 320. No 21.
pp. 1361-1367. 1989.

Tiippana, L: Stockholmstrafiken. Cykelräkningar 2000. Rapport 2000:3.
Stockholm stad. Gatu- och fastighetskontoret. Fastighetskontoret.
Stockholm. 2000.

Towner, E, Dowswell, T, Burkes, M, Dickinson, H, Towner, J & Hayes, M:
Bicycle Helmets - A review of their effectiveness: A critical review of
the literature. Department for Transport. London. 2002.

Towner, P & Marvel, MK: A school-based intervention to increase the use
of bicycle helmets. Fam Med. Vol. 24. No 2. pp. 156-158. 1992.

Transafe: Bicycle Helmet Safety. Final Report on the Motorcycle and
Bicycle Helmet Safety Inquiry. Report of the House Representatives
Standing Committee on Transport Safety The Parliament of the
Commonwealth of Australia. Canberra. 1985.

Trippe, H: Bicycle Helmet Initiatives - Where Have We Got To? Journal of

Traffic Medicine. Vol. 22. No 3. pp. 113-117. 1994.

TTM Consulting: Bicycle Helmet Usage Rates in Victoria: March 1994.
General Report GR 94-6. TTM Consulting Pty. Ltd. Abbotsford. 1994.

U.S Department of Health and Human Service: Healthy People 2010. Volume
II. Objectives for Improving Health. Part B: Focus Areas 15-28. Report
U.S Department of Health and Human Service. Wasington, DC. 2000.

Walker, MB: Law compliance and helmet use among cyclists in New South
Wales. Consultant Report CR 6/90. Roads and Traffic Authority. Road
Safety Bureau. Rosebery. 1990.

Walker, MB: Law compliance and helmet use among cyclists in New South
Wales, April 1991. Consultant Report CR 1/91. Roads and Traffic
Authority. Road Safety Bureau. Rosebery. 1991.

Walker, MB: Law compliance among cyclists in New South Wales, April
1992. A third survey. Report Roads and Traffic Authority. Network
Efficiency Branch. Rosebery. 1992.

Wardlaw, MJ: Three lessons for a better cycling future. BRITISH MEDICAL
JOURNAL. No 321. pp. 1582-1585. 2000.

Watts, D, O'Shea, N, Flynn, E, Trask, A & Kelleher, D: Effect of a
bicycle safety program and free bicycle helmet distribution on the use
of bicycle helmets by elementary school children. J Emerg Nurs. Vol. 23.
No 5. pp. 417-419. 1997.

Weiss, BD: Trends in bicycle helmet use by children: 1985 to 1990.
Pediatrics. Vol. 89. No 1. pp. 78-80. 1992.

Wesson, D, Spence, L, Hu, X & Parkin, P: Trends in bicycling-related
head injuries in children after implementation of a community-based bike
helmet campaign. J Pediatr Surg. Vol. 35. No 5. pp. 688-689. 2000.

Widarsdotter, K: Personlig kommunikation. 05-30-2000. Borås kommun.
2000.

Wilde, G: Target risk. PDE Publications. Toronto, Canada. 1994.

Williams, MA: Evaluation of the NSW introduction of compulsory bicycle
helmet legislation. Resarch Note RN 17/94. Roads and Traffic Authority
of New South Wales, Road Safety and Traffic Management. Sydney. 1995.

Winn, GL, Jones, DF & Bonk, CJ: Taking it to the streets. Helmet use and
bicycle safety as components of inner-city youth development. Clin
Pediatr. Vol. 31. No 11. pp. 672-677. 1992.

Wise, A: Bicycle Helmet Usage Rates in Victoria 1983-1989. General
Report GR 89-1. Vic Roads Road Safety Division. Hawthorn. 1989.

Wood, T & Milne, P: Head injuries to pedal cyclists and the promotion of
helmet use in Victoria, Australia. Accid Anal Prev. Vol. 20. No 3. pp.
177- 185. 1988.

Wren, J: Bicycle 'Helmet Wars': Fact, Fiction and Moving Forward.
Internet Safekids, a Service of Starship Children's Hospital.
http://www.helmets.org/nzhelmets.pdf. 2002.

Wright, M, Rivara, FP & Ferse, D: Evaluation of the Think First head and
spinal cord injury prevention program. Inj Prev. Vol. 1. No 2. pp.
81-85. 1995.

Vulcan, AP, Cameron, MH & Heiman, L: Evaluation of Mandatory Bicycle
Helmet Use in Victoria, Australia. Association for the Advancement of
Automotive Medicine. 36th annual conference, Portland, Oregon, October
5-7, 1992. Proceedings. Association for the Advancement of Automotive
Medicine, AAAM. Des Plaines, IL. 1992.

Vulcan, AP, Cameron, MH & Watson, WL: Mandatory bicycle helmet use:
experience in Victoria, Australia. World J Surg. Vol. 16. No 3. pp.
389-397. 1992.

Vulcan, P: Establishing Compulsory Bicycle Helmet Wearing - the
Experience in Victoria, Australia. Helmets for all. European conference
on how to promote helmet wearing for leisure and sport, 26-28 april
1993, Stockholm, Sweden. European consumer satety association (ECOSA).
Amsterdam, The Netherlands. 1993.

Vägverket: "Gud tänkte på allt, utom löst grus på asfalt". Utvärdering
av cykelvecka 1995. Publ. 1995; 43. Vägverket, marknadsanalys. Borlänge.
1995.

Vägverket: Analys av press, radio och TV. Cykelveckan 1995 och 1996.
Publ. 1996; 54. Vägverket, marknadsanalys. Borlänge. 1996.

Vägverket: Projekt företagshjälmen 1995-1997. För ökad
cykelhjälmsanvändning i region Skåne. Rapport Publ 97:142. Vägverket.
Borlänge. 1997.

Vägverket: Utvärdering av kampanjen CYKELVECKAN 1998. Publ. 1998; 81.
Vägverket, marknadsanalys. Borlänge. 1998.

Vägverket: Trafiksäkerhetsrapport 1998. Publikation 1999:35. Vägverket.
Borlänge. 1999.

Vägverket: Så når vi trafiksäkerhetsmålen - Pressmeddelande Nr 39,
2002-08-14. Internet Vägverket.
http://www.vv.se/aktuellt/pressmed/2002/hkpress40.htm. 2002.

Önning, A: Personlig kommunikation. Redovisning av kampanjen cykelhjälm
-99. Personlig kommunikation. PM 1999-10-21. SATSA: Arbetsgruppen för
äldre och funktionshindrade. 1999.

*********************
End Research Source List
*********************

Source:
http://www.vti.se/info/rapporter/edetalj.asp?RecID=2716
PDF Pages 86-99 (Numbered 83-96)


Garry Jones
English Cyclist ResIDING in Sweden
  #15  
Old October 14th 03, 05:23 PM
Garry Jones
external usenet poster
 
Posts: n/a
Default Reports from Sweden

Dorre wrote:

The 45% fall in cyclist fatalities in Victoria, Australia, is probably true.


The Swedish report quotes several of your reports in its source list.

Dorre, it is ironic that some of your findings in this Swedish packaging
are being used to argue for a mandatory helmet law. It's not what they
say, it what's they leave out that is important here. Remember the
report concluded that

"Several studies show that helmet laws reduce head injuries among
bicyclists. In Australia, for instance, number of fatalities among
cyclists decreased by 45 % in average two years after their helmet laws
compared to two years before. The effect of cycle helmet laws on cycling
is much debated, but results from studies are not unambiguous. Several
studies, however, indicates that a cycle helmet law may result in a
reduction in cycling by young people and in a certain, but temporary,
reduction in cycling by younger children. On the other hand, cycling by
adults is probably not influenced."

Their research behind this is prolific. The research list names 229
sources. When politicians and helmet campaigners want the result of the
study they just read the conclusion. But in arriving at these most two
important points of this conclusion the authours have.. A)..not
mentioned the statistics you have that prove the 45% was out of
proportion to what one would have expected due to other factors. B)
Claimed that cycling by adults is probably not influenced even though
the statistics point to the contary.

So where do we go from here? Would you be able to engage in an email
dialogue with the authors about their findings?

Dorre, here is the resource list they used. You will find yourself here
as well as many of the other reports that have circulated these last ten
years.

*****************
Research Source List
*****************

Abularrage, JJ, DeLuca, AJ & Abularrage, CJ: Effect of education and
legislation on bicycle helmet use in a multiracial population. Arch
Pediatr Adolesc Med. Vol. 151. No 1. pp. 41-44. 1997.

Adams, J & Hillman, M: The risk compensation theory and bicycle helmets.
Inj. Prev. Vol. 7. No 4. p. 343. 2001.

Ainsworth, RA: Report on compulsory helmet wearing for bicyclists, and
other bicycling issues. Report Select Committee on Road Safety. Perth.
1994.

Ajzen, I: The theory of planned behavior. Organizational behaviour and
human decision processes. Vol. 50. pp. 179-211. 1991.

Attewell, RG, Glase, K & McFadden, M: Bicycle helmet efficacy: a
metaanalysis. Accid. Anal. & Prev. No 33. pp. 345-352. 2001.

Bayliss, J: Do bicycle helmets protect, and should they be mandatory?
(Letter comment). Jama. Vol. 277. No 11. p. 883. 1997.

Behrensdorff, I: Born of voksnes brug af cykelhjelm - taelling sommeren
1993. Arbejdsnotat Rådet for Trafiksikkerhedsforskning. Gentofte. 1993.

Berchem, SP: A community campaign that increased helmet use among
bicyclists: Summary report. Department of Transportation, City of
Madison, Wisconsin. Traffic Engineering Devision. City of Madison, WI,
1987, 25 s. 1987.

Berg, P & Westerling, R: Allför få skolungdomar bär hjälm när de cyklar.
Litteraturöversikt och enkätundersökning, underlag för påverkan till
ökat bruk. Läkartidningen. Vol. 96. No 19. pp. 2383-2386. 1999.

Berglund, A: Utvärdering av cykelhjälmsprojektet åren 1989-1991.
Jämtlands läns landsting. Planeringsenheten. Samhällsmedicinska gruppen.
Östersund. 1992.

Bergman, AB, Rivara, FP, Richards, DD & Rogers, LW: The Seattle
children's bicycle helmet campaign. Am J Dis Child. Vol. 144. No 6. pp.
727-731. 1990.

BHSI: Helmet laws for bicycle riders. Internet Bicycle Helmet Safety
Institute,

BHSI. http://www.bhsi.org/mandator.htm. 2002a.

BHSI: Mandatory helmet laws - Our list of helmet laws. Internet Bicycle
Helmet Safety Institute, BHSI. http://www.bhsi.org/bike_law.htm. 2002b.
Björnstig, U & Andersson, P: Cykelhjälmskampanj riktad till tonåringar
och vuxna: Attityder och resultat. 43. Norrlands Universitetssjukhus.
Olycksanalysgruppen. Umeå. 1993.

Björnstig, U & Andersson, P: Hjälmlag effektivt sätt minska skador?
Tonåringars och vuxnas attityder analyserade. Läkartidningen. Vol. 92.
No 7. pp. 662-665. 1995.

Björnstig, U & Näslund, K: Pedal Cycling Accidents - Mechanisms and
Consequences. A study from Northern Sweden. Acta Chir Scand. No 150. pp.
353-359. 1984.

Björnstig, U, Öström, M, Eriksson, A & Sonntag-Öström, E: Head and face
injuries in bicyclists --with special reference to possible effects of
helmet use. J Trauma. Vol. 33. No 6. pp. 887-893. 1992.

BMA: Cycling Towards Health & Safety. The British Medical Association.
Oxford. 1992.

BMA: Cycle helmets. The British Medical Association. The Chameleon
Press. London. 1999.

BMJ: Electronic responses to: NEWS EXTRA: Guidelines could reduce
children's head injuries from cycling Anna Ellis BMJ 2002; 324: 1240b.
Internet British Medical Journal.
http//bmj.com/cgi/eletters/324/7348/1240/b. 2002.

Borglund, ST, Hayes, JS & Eckes, JM: Florida's bicycle helmet law and a
bicycle safety educational program: did they help? J Emerg Nurs. Vol.
25. No 6. pp. 496-500. 1999.

Britt, J, Silver, I & Rivara, FP: Bicycle helmet promotion among low
income preschool children. Inj Prev. Vol. 4. No 4. pp. 280-283. 1998.

Cameron, M, Finch, C & Vulcan, P: The protective performance of bicycle
helmets introduced at the same time as the bicycle helmet wearing law in
Victoria. General 1991-94. Monash University Accident Research Centre.

Clayton, Victoria. 1994a.

Cameron, M, Newstead, S & Vulcan, P: Analysis of Reductions in Victorian
Road Casualties, 1989 to 1992. 17th ARRB Conference, Gold Coast,
Queensland, 14-19 August 1994; Proceedings. Australian Road Research
Bord Ltd, Vermont South. Gold Coast, Queensland. 1994b.

Cameron, MH, Heiman, L & Neiger, D: Evaluation of the Bicycle Helmet
Wearing Law in Victoria During it's First 12 Months. General Report 32.
Monash University Accident Research Centre. Clayton, Victoria. 1992.

Cameron, MH, Vulcan, AP, Finch, CF & Newstead, SV: Mandatory bicycle
helmet use following a decade of helmet promotion in Victoria, Australia
- An evaluation. Accident Analysis & Prevention. Vol. 26. No 3. pp.
325-337. 1994c.

Carnall, D: Cycle helmets should not be compulsory. (News). BMJ. Vol
318. No 5 June. p, 1505. 1999.

Carr, D, Skalova, M & Cameron, MH: Evaluation of the Bicycle Helmet
Wearing Law in Victoria During Its First Four Years. Report 76. Monash
University Accident Research Centre. Clayton, Victoria. 1995.

Cave, T & Wood, T: A Strategy for the Introduction of mandatory bicycle
helmet use in Victoria. Report RTA Road Traffic Authority. Hawthorn,
Victoria. 1987.

Christensen, L: Marketing bicycle helmets by campaigns in cooperation
between national and local authorities in Denmark. Proceedings of the
VIth world congress of the International Road Safety Organisation:
Marketing traffic safety, 3-6 october, 1994, Cape Town, Republic of
South Africa. Bertrange, Luxembourg. 1996.

Coffman, S: Promotion of safety helmets for child bicyclists: 2002
update. Online J Knowl Synth Nurs. Vol. 9. p. 1. 2002.

Coffman, S: Bicycle Injuries and Safety Helmets in Children. Review of
Research. Orthopaedic Nursing. Vol. 22. No 1. pp. 9-15. 2003.

Coffman, S & Kuniansky, N: Strategies to implement helmet legislation
for child bicyclists. J Emerg Nurs. Vol. 23. No 5. pp. 420-424. 1997.

Cote, TR, Sacks, JJ, Lambert-Huber, DA, Dannenberg, AL, Kresnow, MJ,
Lipsitz, CM & Schmidt, ER: Bicycle helmet use among Maryland children:
effect of legislation and education. Pediatrics. Vol. 89. No 6 Pt 2. pp.
1216- 1220. 1992.

Cox, J: Bike helmet legislation. A lesson in patience and persistence.
Nursing BC. Vol. 27. No 4. pp. 32-33. 1995.

Curnow, W: The efficacy of bicycle helmets against brain injury.
Accident Analysis and Prevention. No 35. pp. 287-292. 2003.

Cushman, R, Down, J, MacMillan, N & Waclawik, H: Helmet promotion in the
emergency room following a bicycle injury: a randomized trial.
Pediatrics. Vol. 88. No 1. pp. 43-47. 1991a.

Cushman, R, James, W & Waclawik, H: Physicians promoting bicycle helmets
for children: a randomized trial. Am J Public Health. Vol. 81. No 8. pp.
1044-1046. 1991b.

Danielsson, K: Öka säkerheten. Kartläggning av olycksmönster i Sverige.
Rapport 1986/87:11. Konsumentverket. Vällingby. 1987.

Dannenberg, AL, Gielen, AC, Beilenson, PL, Wilson, MH & Joffe, A:
Bicycle helmet laws and educational campaigns: an evaluation of
strategies to increase children's helmet use. Am J Public Health. Vol.
83. No 5. pp. 667- 674. 1993.

Davis, A: Increasing the number of cyclists is more important. BMJ. Vol.
314. No 4 january. p. 69. 1997.

Davis, R: Death on the Streets. Cars and the mythology of road safety.
Leading Edge Press and Publishing Ltd. North Yorkshire. 1992/93.

DETR: Tomorrow's roads: safer for everyone. The Government's road safety
strategy and casualty reduction targets for 2010. Department of the
Environment, Transport and the Regions. London. 2000. DiGuiseppi, C &
Roberts, IG: Individual-level injury prevention strategies in the
clinical setting. Future Child. Vol. 10. No 1. pp. 53-82. 2000.
DiGuiseppi, CG, Rivara, FP & Koepsell, TD: Attitudes toward bicycle
helmet ownership and use by school-age children. American journal of
diseases of children. Vol. 144. No 1. pp. 83-86. 1990.

DiGuiseppi, CG, Rivara, FP, Koepsell, TD & Polissar, L: Bicycle helmet
use by children. Evaluation of a community-wide helmet campaign Jama.
Vol. 262. No 16. pp. 2256-2261. 1989.

Dorsch, MM, Woodward, AJ & Somers, RL: Do bicycle safety helmets reduce
severity of head injury in real crashes? Accid Anal Prev. Vol. 19. No 3.
pp. 183-190. 1987.

Dowswell, T, Towner, EM, Simpson, G & Jarvis, SN: Preventing childhood
unintentional injuries--what works? A literature review. Inj Prev. Vol.
2. No 2. pp. 140-149. 1996.

ECT: Improving Bicycle Safety without making helmet-use compulsory.
Official position of the European Cyclists' Federation. European
Cyclists' Federation. Brussels, Belgium. 1998.

Ekman, R: Personlig kommunikation. Räddningsverket. 2003.

Ekman, R, Schelp, L, Welander, G & Svanström, L: Can a combination of
local, regional and national information substantially increase
bicycle-helmet wearing and reduce injuries? Experiences from Sweden.
Accid Anal Prev. Vol. 29. No 3. pp. 321-328. 1997.

Ekman, R & Welander, G: The results of 10 years' experience with the
Skaraborg bicycle helmet program in Sweden. International Journal for
Consumer & Product Safety. Vol. 5. No 1. pp. 23-39. 1998.

Elliott, BJ & Associates: Bicycle helmet research. Report B J Elliott &
Associates. Melbourne. 1983.

Elliott & Shanahan Research: An exploratory study of high school
students' reaction to bicycle helmets. Report GR/86/10. Elliot &
Shanahan Research. Sydney. 1986.

Ellis, A: Guidelines could reduce children's head injuries from cycling.
Internet British Medical Journal.
http//bmj.com/cgi/content/full/324/7348/1240/b. 2002.

Encarta: Encarta, uppslagsverk 2001. Micro Soft Works Suite. 2002.

Englund, A, Gregersen, NP, Hydén, C, Lövsund, P & Åberg, L:
Trafiksäkerhet. En kunskapsöversikt. Studentlitteratur. Lund. 1998.

Evans, L: Traffic safety and the driver. Van Nostrand Reinhold. New
York. 1991.

Evans, L: Cycle helmets and the law. Bmj. Vol. 308. No 6943. pp.
1521-1522. 1994.

Farley, C, Haddad, S & Brown, B: The effects of a 4-year program
promoting bicycle helmet use among children in Quebec. Am J Public
Health. Vol. 86. No 1. pp. 46-51. 1996.

Farley, C, Otis, J & Benoit, M: Evaluation of a four-year bicycle helmet
promotion campaign in Quebec aimed at children ages 8 to 12: impact on
attitudes, norms and behaviours. Can J Public Health. Vol. 88. No 1. pp.
62- 66. 1997.

Finch, CF: Teenagers' attitudes towards bicycle helmets three years
after the introduction of mandatory wearing. Inj Prev. Vol. 2. No 2. pp.
126-130. 1996.

Finch, CF, Heiman, L & Neiger, D: Bicycle use and helmet wearing rates
in Melbourne, 1987 to 1992: the influence of the helmet wearing law.
General Report 45. Monash University Accident Research Centre. Clayton,
Victoria. 1993a.

Finch, CF, Newstead, SV, Cameron, MH & Vulcan, AP: Head Injury
Reductions in Victoria Two Years After Introduction of Mandatory Bicycle
Helmet Use. General Report 51. Monash University Accident Research
Centre. Clayton, Victoria. 1993b.

Floerchinger-Franks, G, Machala, M, Goodale, K & Gerberding, S:
Evaluation of a pilot program in rural schools to increase bicycle and
motor vehicle safety. J Community Health. Vol. 25. No 2. pp. 113-124.
2000.

Folkhälsoinstitutet: Det är en glädje att cykla. Hjälmen är bra för alla
- Fakta för äldre cyklister. Informationsbroschyr. Folkhälsoinstitutet -
Skadeprogrammet. WHO - Sekretariatet - Svenska Hjälminitiativet.
Stockholm. 1994.

Folkhälsoinstitutet: 2:a nationella cykelhjälmskonferensen 27-28
november 1997, Lundsbrunns konferens & kurort, Götene. Cykelhjälmen ett
vaccin mot huvudskador. Minskar lidande och sänker kostnader. Vaccinera!
Konferensrapport. 1998:25. Folkhälsoinstitutet. Stockholm. 1998.

Foss, RD & Beirness, DJ: Bicycle Helmet Use in British Columbia: Effects
of the Helmet Use Law. University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill,
Highway Safety Research Center, Chapel Hill, NC, USA. 2000.

Frank, C: NTF Skånes opinionsbildare för en ökad cykelhjälmsanvändning.
Rapport Cykelhjälm 1:94. NTF-Skåne. Malmö. 1994.

Fredlund, P: Personskador i trafiken. Blekinge 1988-1995. Rapport
Trafikskaderegistret Blekingesjukhuset, Landstinget Blekinge.
Karlskrona. 1996.

Friberg, I: På uppdrag av Vägverket: Utvärdering av kampanjen
"Cykelveckan". Rapport Pnr:664. IFS Ingrid Friberg Samhällsinformation
AB. Stockholm. 1997.

Gilchrist, J, Schieber, RA, Leadbetter, S & Davidson, SC: Police
enforcement as part of a comprehensive bicycle helmet program.
Pediatrics. Vol. 106. No 1 Pt 1. pp. 6-9. 2000.

Godefrooij, T: Debate is counterproductive. BMJ. Vol. 322. No 28 April.
p. 69. 2001.

Graitcer, PL, Kellermann, AL & Christoffel, T: A review of educational
and legislative strategies to promote bicycle helmets. Inj Prev. Vol. 1.
No 2. pp. 122-129. 1995.

Haglund, BJA & Svanström, LO: Evidensbaserad skadeprevention. Om
effekter och effektivitet i skadeförebyggande och säkerhetsfrämjande
arbetet. 1999:22. Karolinska Institutet. Institutionen för
folkhälsovetenskap. Avdelningen för socialmedicin. Folkhälsoinstitutet.
Nationella skadeprogrammet. Stockholm. 1999.

Hallion, J: Bicycle helmet safety inquiry: Submission to the House of
Representatives Standing Committee on Transport Safety. Occasional Paper
1/85. South Australian Department of Transport. Division of Road Safety.
Adelaide. 1985.

Healy, M & Maisey, G: The impact of helmet wearing legislation and
promotion on bicyclists in Western Australia. Report TB92-6. Western
Australia Police Department. Research and Statistics Unit. Perth. 1992.

Heathcote, B & Maisey, G: Bicycle use and attitudes to the helmet
wearing law. Report TB94-1 Traffic Board of Western Australia. Perth.
1994.

Hedin, A & Källestål, C: Kunskapsbaserat folkhälsoarbete. Del 1. Handbok
för sammanställningar av redan gjorda kunskapsöversikter om
interventioner inom folkhälsoområdet. Rapport 2002:22. Statens
Folkhälsoinstitut. Stockholm. 2002.

Hedlund, J: Risky business: safety regulations, risk compensation, and
individual behavior. Injury Prevention. Vol. 2000. No 6. pp. 82-90.
2000.

Henderson, M: The Effectiveness of Bicycle Helmets - A Review. Report
MAARE-010995. Motor Accidents Authority. Sidney, NSW. 1995.

Henderson, M: Helmet Initiatives in Australia: A world model. Paper
presented at the International Conference on Bicycle Helmet Initiatives,
February, 17, 1996, Melbourne, Australia 1996.

Hendrickson, SG & Becker, H: Reducing one source of pediatric head
injuries. Pediatr Nurs. Vol. 26. No 2. pp. 159-162. 2000.

Hillman, M: Cycle Helmets. The Case for and Against. Psi Report 752.
1993. 32p. 1993.

Hillman, M: Health benefits of cycling greatly outweigh loss of life
years from deaths. BMJ. Vol. 314. No 4 january. p. 70. 1997.

Jacobson, B: Personlig kommunikation. Borås kommun. 2002.

Jaffe, B & Tamir, D: Bicycle helmets in Israel: observed change in usage
following a nationwide campaign. Isr J Med Sci. Vol. 32. No 2. pp.
135-137. 1996.

Johnston, BD, Rivara, FP, Droesch, RM, Dunn, C & Copass, MK: Behavior
change counseling in the emergency department to reduce injury risk: a
randomized, controlled trial. Pediatrics. Vol. 110. No 2 Pt 1. pp.
267-274. 2002.

Kanny, D, Schieber, RA, Pryor, V & Kresnow, MJ: Effectiveness of a state
law mandating use of bicycle helmets among children: an observational
evaluation. Am J Epidemiol. Vol. 1;154. No 11. pp. 1072-1076. 2001.

Kedjidjian, CB: Bicycle Helmets Save Lives. Traffic Safety. 1994/05.
94(3) pp.16-19 National Safety Council. 1121 Spring Lake Drive. 1994.

Kim, AN, Rivara, FP & Koepsell, TD: Does sharing the cost of a bicycle
helmet help promote helmet use? Inj Prev. Vol. 3. No 1. pp. 38-42. 1997.

King, M & Fraine, G: Bicycle helmet legislation and enforcement in
Queensland 1991 to 1993: Effects on helmet wearing and crashes. 1994
Australian pedestrian and bicyclist safety and travel workshop,
Melbourne, Australia. Proceedings. ARRB Transport Research Vermont
South. Melbourne. 1994.

Klassen, TP, MacKay, JM, Moher, D, Walker, A & Jones, AL: Communitybased
injury prevention interventions. Future Child. Vol. 10. No 1. pp. 83-
110. 2000.

Kommunikationsdepartementet: På väg mot det trafiksäkra samhället. Ds
1997:13 Regeringskansliet. Kommunikationsdepartementet. Stockholm. 1997.
Krag, T: Cycle Helmets. To the participants in the "Helmets For All"
Conference 26-28 April, 1993, Stockholm. European Cyclists Federation.
ECF policy office. Dansk Cyklist Forbund. Copenhagen. 1993.

Laflamme, L, Engström, K & Hasselberg, M: Sociala skillnader i
skaderisker. En rapport om den socioekonomiska fördelningen av skador
bland barn och ungdomar i Sverige. Statens Offentliga Utredningar SOU
2002:68. Barnsäkerhetsdelegationen. Stockholm. 2002.


Larsson, J: Bearbetning av patientstatistik för 1988-1998 avseende
trafikskadade. Lägesrapport för år 2000. VTI Notat 78-2000. Statens väg-
och transportforskningsinstitut. Linköping. 2000.

Larsson, J: Bearbetning av patientstatistik för 1988-1999 avseende
trafikskadade. VTI Notat 75-2001. Statens väg- och
transportforskningsinstitut. Linköping. 2001.

Leblanc, JC, Beattie, TL & Culligan, C: Effect of legislation on the use
of bicycle helmets. Cmaj. Vol. 166. No 5. pp. 592-595. 2002.

Lee, AJ, Mann, NP & Takriti, R: A hospital led promotion campaign aimed
to increase bicycle helmet wearing among children aged 11-15 living in
West Berkshire 1992-98. Inj Prev. Vol. 6. No 2. pp. 151-153. 2000.

Leicester, P, Nassau, F & Wise, A: The Introduction of Compulsory
Bicycle Helmet Wearing in Victoria. General Report GR/91-4. Vicroads
road Safety Division. Hawthorn. 1991.

Liikenneturva: Monitoring of Traffic Behaviour in Finland year 2000.
Internet

Liikenneturva. The Central Organization for Traffic Safety in Finland.
http://www.liikenneturva.fi/suomi/tu...rantal2000.pdf. 2002.

Liller, KD, Smorynski, A, McDermott, RJ, Crane, NB & Weibley, The
MORE HEALTH bicycle safety project. J Sch Health. Vol. 65. No 3. pp.
87-90. 1995.

Ljungblom, B-Å: Försöksverksamhet med att öka innehav och
användningsfrekvens av cykelhjälmar hos barn och ungdomar i Ronneby
kommun. Undersökning av hur barn och ungdomar samt deras föräldrar i
Ronneby kommun i vissa avseenden upplever motortrafiken. Rapport
Blekinge läns landsting. Karlskrona. 1989.

Logan, P, Leadbetter, S, Gibson, RE, Schieber, R, Branche, C, Bender, P,
Zane, D, Humphreys, J & Anderson, S: Evaluation of a bicycle helmet
giveaway program--Texas, 1995. Pediatrics. Vol. 101. No 4 Pt 1. pp. 578-
582. 1998.

LTSA: Cycle helmets. Internet Land Transport Safety Authority, LTSA.
http://www.ltsa.govt.nz/research/helmets.html. 2002a.

LTSA: Fact Sheet. Cycle safety features and safety rules. Internet Land
Transport Safety Authority, LTSA.
http://www.ltsa.govt.nz/factsheets/01.html. 2002b.

MacKay, M, Klassen, T & Cushman, R: Trends in bicycle helmet use in
Ottawa-Carleton, 1988-1997. Impact of bicycle helmet legislation?
Plan-it Safe. Child & Youth Injury Prevention Center. Childrens Hospital
of Eastern Ontario. Ottawa, Ontario. 1998.

Macknin, ML & Medendorp, SV: Association between bicycle helmet
legislation, bicycle safety education, and use of bicycle helmets in
children. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. Vol. 148. No 3. pp. 255-259. 1994.

Macpherson, AK & Macarthur, C: Bicycle Helmet Legislation: Evidence for
Effectiveness. Pediatr Res. Vol. 52. No 4. p. 472. 2002.

Macpherson, AK, Parkin, PC & To, TM: Mandatory helmet legislation and
children's exposure to cycling. Inj Prev. Vol. 7. No 3. pp. 228-230.
2001.

Macpherson, AK, To, TM, Macarthur, C, Chipman, ML, Wrigth, JG & Parkin,
PC: Impact of Mandatory Helmet Legislation on Bicycle-Related Head
Injuries in Children: A Population-Based Study. Pediatrics. Vol. 110. No
5. pp. 1-5. 2002.

Mallard, C: Personlig kommunikation. Fax 1997-05-26. NTF-Skåne. 1997.

Marshall, J & White, M: Evaluation of the Compulsory Helmet Wearing
Legislation for Bicyclists in south Australia. Report 8/94. South
Australian Department of Transport, Office of Road Safety. Walkerville.
1994.

McDermott, FT: Bicyclist head injury prevention by helmets and mandatory
wearing legislation in Victoria, Australia. Ann R Coll Surg Engl. Vol.
77. No 1. pp. 38-44. 1995.

Ministry of Transportation & Highways: On sept. 3, what you need to know
about B.C´s new helmet law. News Release August 29, 1996. 1996.

Mock, CN, Maier, RV, Boyle, E, Pilcher, S & Rivara, FP: Injury
prevention strategies to promote helmet use decrease severe head
injuries at a level I trauma center. J Trauma. Vol. 39. No 1. pp. 29-33;
discussion 34-25. 1995.

Moore, DW & Adair, V: Effects of a school-based education programme on
safety helmet usage by 11 to 13-year-old cyclists. Educational
Psychology. Vol. 10. No 1. pp. 73-78. 1990.

Morgan, M, Peberdy, J & Rogerson, P: Bicycle Helmet Usage Rates in
Victoria 1990-1991 and Other Bicycle Safety Factors. Report GR 91-9. Vic
Roads. Road Safety Division. Hawthorn, Victoria. 1991.

Morris, BA & Trimble, NE: Promotion of bicycle helmet use among
schoolchildren: a randomized clinical trial. Can J Public Health. Vol.
82. No 2. pp. 92-94. 1991.

Morris, BA, Trimble, NE & Fendley, SJ: Increasing bicycle helmet use in
the community. Measuring response to a wide-scale, 2-year effort. Can
Fam Physician. Vol. 40. pp. 1126-1131. 1994.

Newstead, SV, Cameron, MH, Gantzer, S & Finch, CF: Bicyclist Head
Injuries in Victoria Three Years after the Introduction of Mandatory
Helmet Use. Report 75. Monash University, Accident Research Centre.
Clayton, Victoria. 1994.

NHTSA: State Legislative Fact Sheet. Bicycle Helmet Use Laws. National
Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Department of Transportation.
Washington. 2002.

Ni, H, Sacks, JJ, Curtis, L, Cieslak, PR & Hedberg, K: Evaluation of a
statewide bicycle helmet law via multiple measures of helmet use. Arch
Pediatr Adolesc Med. Vol. 151. No 1. pp. 59-65. 1997.

NISU: Bicycle Helmets. Injury Issues Monitor, National Injury
Surveillance Unit. No 1. pp. 1-8. 1992.

Nolén, S: "Helmet Contract" - A method of increasing bicycle helmet
usage among those cycling to and from work. Book of Abstracts of papers
presented at "Third International Conference on Injury Prevention and
Control in Melbourne" 18-22 February, 1996. NISU. Australian Institute
of Health and Welfare. Bedford Park, South Australia. 1996.

Nolén, S: Trafiksäkerhetspotential av ökad cykelhjälmsanvändning i
Sverige. VTI notat 34-1998. Statens väg- och
transportforskningsinstitut. Linköping. 1998.

Nolén, S: Lägesrapport för projekt "Metoder för ökad hjälmanvändning hos
vuxna som cyklar till arbetet". Statens väg- och
transportforskningsinstitut. Brev daterat 1999-12-15. Linköping. 1999a.

Nolén, S: Vad tycker cyklister om hjälmanvändning? En litteraturstudie.
VTI rapport 429. Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut.
Linköping. 1999b.

Nolén, S: Cykelhjälmsanvändning i Blekinge under fem år med Säkereken.
Resultat från observationsmätningar 1996-2000. VTI notat 31-2001.
Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut. Linköping. 2001.

Nolén, S: Cykelhjälmsanvändning i Sverige 1988-2001. Resultat från VTI:s
observationsstudie 2001. VTI notat 16-2002. Statens väg- och
transportforskningsinstitut. Linköping. 2002.

Nolén, S: Cykelhjälmsanvändning i Sverige 1988-2002. Resultat från VTI:s
observationsstudie 2002. Manus till VTI notat. Statens väg- och
transportforskningsinstitut. Linköping. 2003.

Nolén, S & Lindqvist, K: Lokal "Cykelhjälmslag" i Motala. En
processtudie. VTI rapport 459 Statens väg- och
transportforskningsinstitut. Linköping. 2001.

Nolén, S & Lindqvist, K: A local bicycle helmet "law" in a Swedish
municipality - the structure and process of initiation and
implementation. Injury Control and Safety Promotion. Vol. 9. No 2. pp.
89-98. 2002.

Nolén, S & Lindqvist, K: A local bicycle helmet "law" in a Swedish
municipality - The effects on helmet use. Injury Control and Safety
Promotion. In press. 2003.

NRSP: Road Safety Update. Fall in cycle helmet wearing rates. National
Road Safety Plan. Christchurch. 1993.

NTF: För säkrare cykling. Cykelsäkerhetsrådets handlingsprogram 1988-89.
NTF. Stockholm. 1988.

NTF: IDÉ BOKEN. Cykelhjälm -93. NTF i samarbete med landets
Trafiksäkerhetsförbund/ föreningar. NTF. Landskrona. 1993.

NTF: HuvudNyheterna. En tidning om cykelhjälm för lärare på låg- och
mellanstadiet. NTF. Stockholm. 1995.

OECD: Behavioural adaptations to changes in the road transport system.
Road Transport Research Organisation for Economic Co-operation and
Development. Paris. 1990.

Parkin, PC, Hu, X, Spence, LJ, Kranz, KE, Shortt, LG & Wesson, DE:
Evaluation of a subsidy program to increase bicycle helmet use by
children of low-income families. Pediatrics. Vol. 96. No 2. pp. 283-287.
1995.

Parkin, PC, Spence, LJ, Hu, X, Kranz, KE, Shortt, LG & Wesson, DE:
Evaluation of a promotional strategy to increase bicycle helmet use by
children. Pediatrics. Vol. 91. No 4. pp. 772-777. 1993.

Pendergrast, RA, Ashworth, CS, DuRant, RH & Litaker, M: Correlates of
children's bicycle helmet use and short-term failure of school-level
interventions. Pediatrics. Vol. 90. No 3. pp. 354-358. 1992.

Pietro, PD & Maisey, G: The effect on wearing rates of a cyclist helmet
scheme for school-aged children. Research Report 88/5. Western Australia
Police Department. Research and Statistics Unit. Perth. 1988.

Pless, IB: Venting spleen: helmet legislation. Inj Prev. Vol. 6. No 1.
p. 3. 2000.

Povey, LJ, Frith, WJ & Graham, PG: Cycle helmet effectiveness in New
Zealand. Accident Analysis & Prevention. Vol. 31. No 6. pp. 763-770.
1999.

Prop. 1996/97:137: Regeringens proposition. Nollvisionen och det
trafiksäkra samhället. Regeringen. Stockholm. 1997.

Puder, DR, Visintainer, P, Spitzer, D & Casal, D: A comparison of the
effect of different bicycle helmet laws in 3 New York City suburbs. Am J
Public Health. Vol. 89. No 11. pp. 1736-1738. 1999.

Quine, L, Rutter, DR & Arnold, L: Persuading school-age cyclists to use
safety helmets: Effectiveness of an intervention based on the Theory of
Planned Behaviour. British Journal of Health Psychology, Vol. 6(4), 327
345, Nov. 2001.

Regeringens proposition: Nollvisionen och det trafiksäkra samhället.
Prop 1996/97:137 Riksdagstryck. Stockholm. 1997.

Ressler, WH & Toledo, E: Kasdah B'Rosh Tov: a description and evaluation
of the Israeli bicycle helmet campaign. Health Educ Behav. Vol. 25. No
3. pp. 354-370. 1998.

Rivara, FP, Thompson, DC, Patterson, MQ & Thompson, RS: Prevention of
bicycle-related injuries: helmets, education, and legislation. Annu Rev
Public Health. Vol. 19. pp. 293-318. 1998.

Rivara, FP, Thompson, DC, Thompson, RS, Rogers, LW, Alexander, B, Felix,
D & Bergman, AB: The Seattle Children's Bicycle Helmet Campaign: Changes
in Helmet Use and Head Injury Admissions. Pediatrics. Vol. 93. No 4. pp.
567-569. 1994.

Robinson, D & Acton, C: Helmet laws and health. Inj Prev. Vol. 4. No 3.
pp. 170-172. 1998.

Robinson, DL: Head injuries and bicycle helmet laws. Accid Anal Prev.
Vol. 28. No 4. pp. 463-475. 1996.

Robinson, DL: Changes in head injury with the New Zealand bicycle helmet
law. Accid Anal Prev. Vol. 33. No 5. pp. 687-691. 2001.

Rodgers, GB: Bicycle and Bicycle Helmet Use Patterns in the United
States in 1998. Journal of Safety Research. Vol. 31. No 3. pp. 149-158.
2000.

Rodgers, GB: Effects of state helmet laws on bicycle helmet use by
children and adolescents. Inj Prev. Vol. 8. No 1. pp. 42-46. 2002.

Rosenberg, ML & Sleet, DA: Injury Control Recommendations for Bicycle
Helmets. Journal of School Health. Vol. 65. No 4. pp. 133-139. 1995.

Rourke, LL: Bicycle helmet use among schoolchildren. Impact of a
community education program and a cycling fatality. Can Fam Physician.
Vol. 40. pp. 1116-1124. 1994.

Rouzier, P & Alto, WA: Evolution of a successful community bicycle
helmet campaign. J Am Board Fam Pract. Vol. 8. No 4. pp. 283-287. 1995.

Royles, M: International literature review of cycle helmets. Project
Report 76. Transport Research Laboratory. Crowthorne, Berkshire. 1994.

Ruch-Ross, HS & O'Connor, KG: Bicycle helmet counselling by
pediatricians: A random national survey. American Journal of Public
Health. Vol. 83. No 5. pp. 728-730. 1993.

Rungie, C & Trembath, R: Observational study of bicycle helmet wearing
among south Australian shoolchildren. Report 14/88 8/94. South
Australian Department of Transport, Road Safety Division. Adelaide.
1987.

Sacks, JJ, Holmgreen, P, Smith, SM & Sosin, DM: Bicycle-associated head
injuries and deaths in the United States from 1984 through 1988. How
many are preventable? Jama. Vol. 266. No 21. pp. 3016-3018. 1991.

Safe Kids: Safe Kids Canada supports bicycle helmet legislation.
Internet Safe Kids Canada.
http://www.safekidscanada.ca/ENGLISH...S/SafeKidsWeek
2002/BikeHelmetLegislation.html. 2002.

SCB: Konsumentprisindex (1980=100), fastställda tal, samt beräknade
årsmedeltal. Internet SCB.
http://www.scb.se/statistik/pr0101/pr0101tab1.asp. 2002.

Scheidt, PC, Wilson, MH & Stern, MS: Bicycle helmet law for children: a
case study of activism in injury control. Pediatrics. Vol. 89. No 6. pp.
1248-1250. 1992.

Schieber, RA, Gilchrist, J & Sleet, DA: Legislative and regulatory
strategies to reduce childhood unintentional injuries. Future Child.
Vol. 10. No 1. pp. 111-136. 2000.

Schieber, RA, Kresnow, MJ, Sacks, JJ, Pledger, EE, O'Neil, JM & Toomey,
KE: Effect of a state law on reported bicycle helmet ownership and use.
Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. Vol. 150. No 7. pp 707-712. 1996.

Scott, IKR: Report on Australian bicycle helmet requirements and
education programs by state and territory. Child Accident Prevention
Foundation of Australia. National Injury Surveillance Unit Melbourne,
1992, 34 s. 1992.

Scuffham, P: Helmet Mandatory in New Zealand. Headlines. Vol. 3 (Spring,
1994). No 2. p. 8. 1994.

Scuffham, P, Alsop, J, Cryer, C & Langley, JD: Head injuries to
bicyclists and the New Zealand bicycle helmet law. Accid Anal Prev. Vol.
32. No 4. pp. 565-573. 2000.

Scuffham, PA & Langley, JD: Trends in cycle injury in New Zealand under
voluntary helmet use. Accident Analysis & Prevention. Vol. 29. No 1. pp.
1-9. 1997.

Shafi, S, Gilbert, JC, Loghmanee, F, Allen, JE, Caty, MG, Glick, PL,
Carden, S & Azizkhan, RG: Impact of bicycle helmet safety legislation on
children admitted to a regional pediatric trauma center. J Pediatr Surg.
Vol. 33. No 2. pp. 317-321. 1998.

SIKA/SCB: Vägtrafikskador 2000. Sveriges officiella statistik Statens
Institut för KommunikationsAnalys. Statistiska Centralbyrån. Stockholm.
2001.

SIKA/SCB: Vägtrafikskador 2001. Sveriges officiella statistik Statens
Institut för KommunikationsAnalys. Statistiska Centralbyrån. Stockholm.
2002.

Smith, NC & Milthorpe, FW: An observational survey of law compliance and
helmet wearing by bicyclists in New South Wales - 1993. Report Roads and
Traffic Authority. Network Efficiency Branch. Sydney. 1993.

Smith, PK: Increasing Bicycle Helmet Use in Michigan: A School-Based
Intervention Pilot Program. Evaluation Report. Report. Michigan Bicycle
Helmet Advisory Committee. Michigan. 1991.

Social Development Committee: Inquiry into Child Pedestrian and Bicycle
Safety. First report. Parliament of Victoria. Melbourne. 1986.

Spolander, K: Bike helmets - A safety device for the nineties. Paper
presented at VELO CITY 89, Copenhagen August 21-23, 1989. NTF, The
National Society for Road Safety. Kista. 1989.

Staysafe 12: Bicycle Safety. Report New South Wales Parliament. Joint
Standing Committee on Road Safety. Sydney. 1988.

Stevens, MM, Olson, AL, Gaffney, CA, Tosteson, TD, Mott, LA & Starr, P:
A pediatric, practice-based, randomized trial of drinking and smoking
prevention and bicycle helmet, gun, and seatbelt safety promotion.
Pediatrics. Vol. 109. No 3. pp. 490-497. 2002.


Ståhlspets, Å: Cykelprojekt 1997. Tekniska kontoret, Gävle kommun.
Gävle. 1998.

Sullivan, G: Initial effects of mandatory bicycle helmet wearing
legislation. VIC Roads. Road Information Service IR 90-15 Hawthorn,
1990, 15 s. 1990.

Svanström, L, Welander, G, Ekman, R & Schelp, L: Development of a
Swedish bicycle helmet promotion programme--one decade of experiences.
Health Promot Internation. Vol. 17. No 2. pp. 161-169. 2002.

Svenska Hjälminitiativgruppen: Kampanj/skolmanual Hjälm-5:an för 11-
åringar, med exempel. En återkommande enkel rutin... ...hindrar och
lindrar huvudskador. Broschyr. Svenska Hjälminitiativgruppen -
WHOsekretariatet. Lidköping. 1999.

Svensson, HE: Trafikmätningar i Göteborg 2001. Rapport 3:2002. Göteborgs
stad, trafikkontoret, trafikplanering. Göteborg. 2002.

Svernfors, T: Cykelhjälmsprojektet vid Västra skolan i Falun. Hur man
med information lyckas bryta högstadieelevernas fördomar och förmå dem
använda cykelhjälm. PM Göteborg. 1993.

Tarvainen, A-L: Personlig kommunikation. E-mail 2002-12-06.
Kommunikationsministeriet, Finland. 2002.

The Cochrane Collaboration: Cochrane Reviewers' Handbook 4.1.6. Updated
January 2003. The Cochrane Collaboration.
http://www.cochrane.de/cochrane/hbook.htm. 2003.

Thompson, D, Rivara, F & Thompson, R: Helmets for preventing head and
facial injuries in bicyclists (Cochrane Review). The Cochrane Library.
No 1. pp. 1-27. 2003.

Thompson, DC, Rivara, FP & Thompson, RS: Effectiveness of bicycle safety
helmets in preventing head injuries. A case-control study. Jama. Vol.
276. No 24. pp. 1968-1973. 1996.

Thompson, DC, Thompson, RS & Rivara, FP: Risk compensation theory should
be subject to systematic reviews of the scientific evidence. Internet
Inj Prev 2002; 8: 1e. http://ip.bmjjournals.com/cgi/eletters/8/2/e1.
2002.

Thompson, DC, Thompson, RS, Rivara, FP, Adams, J & Hillman, M: Risk
compensation theory should be subject to systematic reviews of the
scientific evidence o The risk compensation theory and bicycle helmets.
Internet Inj Prev 2002; 8: 1e.
http://ip.bmjjournals.com/cgi/eletters/8/2/e1. 2002.

Thompson, NJ, Sleet, D & Sacks, JJ: Increasing the use of bicycle
helmets: lessons from behavioral science. Patient Educ Couns. Vol. 46.
No 3. pp. 191- 197. 2002.

Thompson, RS, Rivara, FP & Thompson, DC: A case-control study of the
effectiveness of bicycle safety helmets. N Engl J Med. Vol. 320. No 21.
pp. 1361-1367. 1989.

Tiippana, L: Stockholmstrafiken. Cykelräkningar 2000. Rapport 2000:3.
Stockholm stad. Gatu- och fastighetskontoret. Fastighetskontoret.
Stockholm. 2000.

Towner, E, Dowswell, T, Burkes, M, Dickinson, H, Towner, J & Hayes, M:
Bicycle Helmets - A review of their effectiveness: A critical review of
the literature. Department for Transport. London. 2002.

Towner, P & Marvel, MK: A school-based intervention to increase the use
of bicycle helmets. Fam Med. Vol. 24. No 2. pp. 156-158. 1992.

Transafe: Bicycle Helmet Safety. Final Report on the Motorcycle and
Bicycle Helmet Safety Inquiry. Report of the House Representatives
Standing Committee on Transport Safety The Parliament of the
Commonwealth of Australia. Canberra. 1985.

Trippe, H: Bicycle Helmet Initiatives - Where Have We Got To? Journal of

Traffic Medicine. Vol. 22. No 3. pp. 113-117. 1994.

TTM Consulting: Bicycle Helmet Usage Rates in Victoria: March 1994.
General Report GR 94-6. TTM Consulting Pty. Ltd. Abbotsford. 1994.

U.S Department of Health and Human Service: Healthy People 2010. Volume
II. Objectives for Improving Health. Part B: Focus Areas 15-28. Report
U.S Department of Health and Human Service. Wasington, DC. 2000.

Walker, MB: Law compliance and helmet use among cyclists in New South
Wales. Consultant Report CR 6/90. Roads and Traffic Authority. Road
Safety Bureau. Rosebery. 1990.

Walker, MB: Law compliance and helmet use among cyclists in New South
Wales, April 1991. Consultant Report CR 1/91. Roads and Traffic
Authority. Road Safety Bureau. Rosebery. 1991.

Walker, MB: Law compliance among cyclists in New South Wales, April
1992. A third survey. Report Roads and Traffic Authority. Network
Efficiency Branch. Rosebery. 1992.

Wardlaw, MJ: Three lessons for a better cycling future. BRITISH MEDICAL
JOURNAL. No 321. pp. 1582-1585. 2000.

Watts, D, O'Shea, N, Flynn, E, Trask, A & Kelleher, D: Effect of a
bicycle safety program and free bicycle helmet distribution on the use
of bicycle helmets by elementary school children. J Emerg Nurs. Vol. 23.
No 5. pp. 417-419. 1997.

Weiss, BD: Trends in bicycle helmet use by children: 1985 to 1990.
Pediatrics. Vol. 89. No 1. pp. 78-80. 1992.

Wesson, D, Spence, L, Hu, X & Parkin, P: Trends in bicycling-related
head injuries in children after implementation of a community-based bike
helmet campaign. J Pediatr Surg. Vol. 35. No 5. pp. 688-689. 2000.

Widarsdotter, K: Personlig kommunikation. 05-30-2000. Borås kommun.
2000.

Wilde, G: Target risk. PDE Publications. Toronto, Canada. 1994.

Williams, MA: Evaluation of the NSW introduction of compulsory bicycle
helmet legislation. Resarch Note RN 17/94. Roads and Traffic Authority
of New South Wales, Road Safety and Traffic Management. Sydney. 1995.

Winn, GL, Jones, DF & Bonk, CJ: Taking it to the streets. Helmet use and
bicycle safety as components of inner-city youth development. Clin
Pediatr. Vol. 31. No 11. pp. 672-677. 1992.

Wise, A: Bicycle Helmet Usage Rates in Victoria 1983-1989. General
Report GR 89-1. Vic Roads Road Safety Division. Hawthorn. 1989.

Wood, T & Milne, P: Head injuries to pedal cyclists and the promotion of
helmet use in Victoria, Australia. Accid Anal Prev. Vol. 20. No 3. pp.
177- 185. 1988.

Wren, J: Bicycle 'Helmet Wars': Fact, Fiction and Moving Forward.
Internet Safekids, a Service of Starship Children's Hospital.
http://www.helmets.org/nzhelmets.pdf. 2002.

Wright, M, Rivara, FP & Ferse, D: Evaluation of the Think First head and
spinal cord injury prevention program. Inj Prev. Vol. 1. No 2. pp.
81-85. 1995.

Vulcan, AP, Cameron, MH & Heiman, L: Evaluation of Mandatory Bicycle
Helmet Use in Victoria, Australia. Association for the Advancement of
Automotive Medicine. 36th annual conference, Portland, Oregon, October
5-7, 1992. Proceedings. Association for the Advancement of Automotive
Medicine, AAAM. Des Plaines, IL. 1992.

Vulcan, AP, Cameron, MH & Watson, WL: Mandatory bicycle helmet use:
experience in Victoria, Australia. World J Surg. Vol. 16. No 3. pp.
389-397. 1992.

Vulcan, P: Establishing Compulsory Bicycle Helmet Wearing - the
Experience in Victoria, Australia. Helmets for all. European conference
on how to promote helmet wearing for leisure and sport, 26-28 april
1993, Stockholm, Sweden. European consumer satety association (ECOSA).
Amsterdam, The Netherlands. 1993.

Vägverket: "Gud tänkte på allt, utom löst grus på asfalt". Utvärdering
av cykelvecka 1995. Publ. 1995; 43. Vägverket, marknadsanalys. Borlänge.
1995.

Vägverket: Analys av press, radio och TV. Cykelveckan 1995 och 1996.
Publ. 1996; 54. Vägverket, marknadsanalys. Borlänge. 1996.

Vägverket: Projekt företagshjälmen 1995-1997. För ökad
cykelhjälmsanvändning i region Skåne. Rapport Publ 97:142. Vägverket.
Borlänge. 1997.

Vägverket: Utvärdering av kampanjen CYKELVECKAN 1998. Publ. 1998; 81.
Vägverket, marknadsanalys. Borlänge. 1998.

Vägverket: Trafiksäkerhetsrapport 1998. Publikation 1999:35. Vägverket.
Borlänge. 1999.

Vägverket: Så når vi trafiksäkerhetsmålen - Pressmeddelande Nr 39,
2002-08-14. Internet Vägverket.
http://www.vv.se/aktuellt/pressmed/2002/hkpress40.htm. 2002.

Önning, A: Personlig kommunikation. Redovisning av kampanjen cykelhjälm
-99. Personlig kommunikation. PM 1999-10-21. SATSA: Arbetsgruppen för
äldre och funktionshindrade. 1999.

*********************
End Research Source List
*********************

Source:
http://www.vti.se/info/rapporter/edetalj.asp?RecID=2716
PDF Pages 86-99 (Numbered 83-96)


Garry Jones
English Cyclist ResIDING in Sweden
 




Thread Tools
Display Modes

Posting Rules
You may not post new threads
You may not post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts

vB code is On
Smilies are On
[IMG] code is On
HTML code is Off
Forum Jump

Similar Threads
Thread Thread Starter Forum Replies Last Post
FOX 8 Cleveland News reports on bike vs. cars in cleveland Brian P General 2 July 23rd 04 07:36 AM
Consumer Reports bicycle review David Kerber General 4 June 4th 04 09:16 PM
A question for the folks over the pond Åre, Sweden. P e t e F a g e r l i n Mountain Biking 2 February 1st 04 09:41 AM
Reports from Sweden Garry Jones General 17 October 14th 03 05:23 PM


All times are GMT +1. The time now is 09:47 PM.


Powered by vBulletin® Version 3.6.4
Copyright ©2000 - 2022, Jelsoft Enterprises Ltd.
Copyright ©2004-2022 CycleBanter.com.
The comments are property of their posters.